Family Hymenopodidae

  • Note: some disagreement as to whether Oxypilinae belongs in this family.
Key to subfamilies
1.Pronotum with a markedly toothed edge.
3rd discoidal spine of anterior femur markedly lengthened.

subfam. Oxypilinae

Pronotum with a smooth or at most slightly beaded edge.
3rd discoidal spine of anterior femur of normal length.

2

2. Frontal sclerite may have lateral tubercles, or slightly raised lateral strips, but does not have raised lateral wing-shaped keels; the central portion is not depressed;
the dorsal edge never with two small teeth.
Eyes within outline of head.

subfam. Acromantinae

Frontal sclerite with raised lateral wing-shaped keels; the central portion depressed; the dorsal edge with two small teeth.
Eyes separated from vertex by a deep ridge; bulging outside circumference of head.

subfam. Hymenopodinae

 

 

Subfamily Oxypilinae

Key to genera
1. Pronotum as long as anterior coxa.

genus Pseudoxypilus

Pronotum shorter than anterior coxa.

2

2. Prozone of pronotum with two conical tubercles.

3

Prozone of pronotum with four conical tubercles.

4

3. Metazone of pronotum with four tubercles.

genus Pachymantis

synonym Echinomastoharpax Werner

Metazone of pronotum with two tubercles.

genus Ceratomantis

4. Posterior femora with three tooth-shaped lobes.

genus Junodia

Posterior femora smooth.

5

5. Distal external spines of anterior femora equal in length to proximal spines.
Female apterous.

genus Oxypilus

synonym Anoxypilus G-Tos

Distal external spines of anterior femora shorter than proximal spines.
Female winged.

genus Euoxypilus

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Subfamily Acromantinae

Key to tribes
1. Front femora with four outer spines.

tribe Acromantini

Front femora with 5-7 outer spines.

2

2. Front femora with 4 discoidal spines.

tribe Epaphroditini

Front femora with 3 discoidal spines.

tribe Acontistini

 

 

Tribe Acromantini

Key to genera
1. Eyes rounded, bulging; not cone shaped.

2

Eyes distinctly cone shaped.

15

2. Pronotum slim, distinctly longer than anterior coxa; well-defined supra-coxal bulge.

3

Pronotum squat, shorter or at most only as long as anterior coxa; poorly defined supra-coxal bulge.

13

3. Pronotal shield without tubercles.

4

Pronotal shield with cone-shaped tubercles.

12

4. Middle and posterior femora without lobes.

genus Anaxarcha

synonym Anaxandra Kirby

Middle and posterior femora with preapical lobes.

5

5. Internal apical lobes of anterior coxa adjacent.

6

Internal apical lobes of anterior coxa separated.

9

6. Vertex without tubercle above ocelli.

7

Vertex with cone-shaped tubercle above ocelli.

8

7. Elytra with finely meshed veins.

genus Heliomantis

synonyms ? Paraspilota Bolivar, Deiroharpax Werner

Elytra with widely spaced veins.

genus Oligomantis

8. Middle and posterior femora with only a single subapical lobe.
Elytra with widely spaced veins.

genus Rhomantis

Middle and posterior femora with 3 lobes.
Elytra with finely meshed veins.

genus Psychomantis

9. Anterior femora with a projecting three-cornered lobe on dorsal aspect.

genus Citharomantis

Anterior femora with dorsal border more or less bent, lamelliform, but without a
lobe.

10

10. Dorsal aspect of frontal sclerite blunt.

genus Neacromantis

Dorsal aspect of frontal sclerite three-cornered.

11

11. Vertex with at most a small tubercle above the ocelli.

genus Acromantis

Vertex with cone-shaped projection.

genus Anasigerpes

12. Anterior coxa strongly armed.

genus Ephippiomantis

Anterior coxa almost unarmed.

genus Catasigerpes

synonyms Sigerpes W-Mason (non Sigerpes Germar), Oxypiloidea Schulthess-Schindler

13. Anterior femora normal, not dilated.

genus Odontomantis

synonyms Antissa stål, Euantissa G-Tos

Anterior femora dilated with lamellae.

14

14. Pronotal disk without tubercles

genus Hestiasula

synonyms Hestias Saussure, Ephestiasula G-Tos, Catestiasula G-Tos

Pronotal disk with tubercles

genus Chrysomantis

synonym Uvaromantis (Ragge & Roy 1967, p.637)

15. Pronotum slim, longer than anterior coxa.

genus Metacromantis

Pronotum squat, shorter than anterior coxa.

16

16. Pronotal disk without tubercles.

genus Otomantis

synonym Acanthomantis Saussure & Zehntner

Pronotal disk with tubercles.

genus Anoplosigerpes

  • Included by Giglio-Tos but not Beier: Ambivia, Danuriella, Phyllothelys (? Phyllothelis, -> own subfamily)
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Tribe Epaphroditini

Key to genera
1. Eyes round. Posterior tibia with large lobes.

genus Phyllocrania

Eyes cone shaped. Posterior tibia without lobes.

2

2. Anterior femora with 7 external spines.

genus Metilia

synonym Acanthogaster Werner

Anterior femora with 5-6 external spines.

3

3. Anterior femora with 6 external spines. Pronotum not expanded with lateral lobes.

4

Anterior femora with 5 external spines. Pronotum expanded with lateral lobes.

5

4. Vertex with bifid projection above ocelli.

genus Pseudacanthops

synonym Paracanthops Saussure

Vertex without projection.

genus Acanthops

synonyms Decimia Stål (? original source for this synonymisation), Plesiacanthops Chopard

5. Hind femora with dorsal preapical lobe.

genus Antemna

Hind femora without dorsal preapical lobe.

genus Epaphrodita

  • Included by Giglio-Tos but not Beier: Parablepharis
  • Transferred here by Beier Amphecostephanus Rehn
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Tribe Acontistini

Key to genera
1. Mediastinal vein of costal area of elytra without distinct oblique branches.
External spines of anterior tibia closely packed, layered.

2

Mediastinal vein of costal area of elytra with distinct oblique branches.
External spines of anterior tibia straight, spaced.

genus Tithrone

2. Pronotum rather rounded. Wings clear or opaque, but not violet coloured.

genus Acontista

synonyms Acontistes Burmeister (non Acontistes Sundewall), Acontiothespis Hebard

Pronotum thin. Wings for the most part smoky brown with a stronger or weaker violet iridescence.

genus Acontistella

  • Included by Giglio-Tos (Beier has it as genus incerate sedis): Astollia Kirby

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Subfamily Hymenopodinae

Key to genera
1. Pronotum with expanded supracoxal lateral lobes, the whole as a result cross-shaped.

2

Pronotum without markedly expanded supracoxal lateral lobes, the whole more or less oval, not cross-shaped.

6

2. Anterior femora with three discoidal spines.

3

Anterior femora with four discoidal spines.

4

3. External marginal spines of anterior femora markedly bulbous at their bases.

genus Pseudocreobotra

synonym Pseudocreobrotra Saussure

External marginal spines of anterior femora plain, not markedly bulbous at their bases.

genus Theopropus

4. Eyes pointed, cone shaped.

genus Harpagomantis

synonyms Harpax Serville, Australomantis Rehn

Eyes rounded.

5

5. Prozone of pronotum with obtuse tubercles.
Anterior femora stocky.

genus Anabomistria

Prozone of pronotum with pointed tubercles.
Anterior femora slim.

genus Chlidonoptera

synonym Bomistria Saussure

6. Anterior femora with 3 discoidal and 5 outer spines.

genus Callibia

synonym Anastira Gerstäcker

Anterior femora with 4 discoidal and 4 outer spines.

7

7. Eyes round.

8

Eyes cone shaped.

10

8. Middle and posterior femora without lobes.
Frontal sclerite with a central keel.

genus Chloroharpax

Middle and posterior femora with lobes.
Frontal sclerite smooth, without central keel.

9

9. Vertex without protuberance.

genus Propanurgica

Vertex with protuberance above ocelli.

genus Panurgica

synonym Mystipola Saussure

10. Pronotum slim, longer than anterior coxa.

genus Galinthias

Pronotum squat, shorter than anterior coxa.

11

11. Middle and posterior femora with large lobes, occupying at least half the length of the femur.
Middle and posterior femora with small preapical lobes only.

13

12. Vertex without protuberance. Eyes bluntly conical.

genus Parymenopus

synonym Parhymenopus G-Tos

Vertex with protuberance. Eyes sharply conical.

genus Hymenopus

synonym Hymenopa Serville

13. Tubercles above ocelli pointed.

genus Pseudoharpax

synonym Pseudoarpax Stål

Tubercles above ocelli blunt.

14

14. Eyes with small terminal tubercle.

genus Helvia

Eyes without terminal tubercle.

genus Creobroter

synonyms Creobotra Saussure, Creoboter Stål, Creobrotra Saussure

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