Phasmid Study Group Culture List December 1997




PSG  SCIENTIFIC NAME                        SUB FAMILY         ORIGIN             NOTES           PREFERRED           SPECIES
No.                                                            (of culture stock) 1   2   3   4   FOODPLANTS          REPORT

1   Carausius morosus (Sinéty)              Lonchodinae        India.             P*  C   S   -   P.I.H.Py.B.Ro.Ra.   25
2   Orxines macklottii (de Haan)            Necrosciinae       Java.              S   C   S   W   Rh. B.              5, 48
3   Bacillus rossius (Rossi)                Bacillinae         Europe.            S   C   S   -   B. Ro.              4, 48
4   Sipyloidea sipylus (Westwood)           Necrosciinae       Madagascar.        P*  C   S   W   B. H. Ra. Ro.       1, 49
5   Baculum extradentatum (Brunner)         Phasmatinae        Vietnam.           S   C   S   -   B. H. O. Ro.        13, 27
6   Acanthoxyla prasina (Westwood)          Phasmatinae        New Zealand.       P   C   S   -   E. Ro. B.           36
7   Clitarchus hookeri (White)              Phasmatinae        New Zealand & UK   P   L   S   -   B. E.               -
8   Bactrododema sp.                        Palophinae         Zimbabwe.          S   L   L   -   -                   -
9   Extatosoma tiaratum (Macleay)           Tropidoderinae     Australia.         S   C   M   W   B.E.H.O.Py.Ra.Ro.   2
10  Phyllium bioculatum Gray                Fam. Phylliidae    Java.              S   C   S   W   O. B.               37(20:3)
11  Phibalosoma phyllinum (Gray)            Bacteriinae        Brazil.            P*  L   L   -   B. O.               14
12  Anisomorpha buprestoides (Stoll)        Pseudophasmatinae  U.S.A.             S   C   S   -   B. O. Rh.           3, 49
13  Acrophylla wuelfingi (Redtenbacher)     Phasmatinae        Australia.         S   C   L   W   B. O. E. Ra. Ro.    6, 47
14  Eurycnema goliath (Gray)                Phasmatinae        Australia.         S   L   L   W   A.                  -
15  Ctenomorphodes briareus (Gray)          Phasmatinae        Australia.         S   C   L   W   B. O. E.            7
16  Carausius sechellensis (Bolivar)        Lonchodinae        Seychelles.        S   C   S   -   F. B.               -
17  unidentified. "WARTY"                   Bacteriinae        Jamaica.           S   C   S   -   B.                  12
18  Heteropteryx dilatata (Parkinson)       Heteropteryginae   West Malaysia.     S   C   M   W   B. H. I. O. Ro.     28
19  Lonchodes brevipes Gray                 Lonchodinae        West Malaysia.     S   C   M   -   B. O.               11
20  Anchiale maculata (Olivier)             Phasmatinae        Papua New Guinea.  S   L   L   W   B.H.O.E.Ra.Ro.      17
21  Extatosoma popa Stål                    Tropidoderinae     Papua New Guinea.  S   L   M   W   O.                  -
22  Baculum thaii Hausleithner              Phasmatinae        Thailand.          S   C   M   -   B.E.H.O.Py.Ro.      15, 47
23  Eurycantha calcarata Lucas              Eurycanthinae      Papua New Guinea.  S   C   M   -   B. H. I. O. Ro.     8, 9/10
24  SAME AS P.S.G. 5.                       -                  -                  -   -   -   -   -                   -
25  Phobaeticus serratipes (Gray)           Phasmatinae        West Malaysia.     S   C   L   W   B. O.               36, P2:45
26  Haaniella echinata echinata (Redt.)     Heteropteryginae   Sabah.             S   C   M   w   B. H. O. Rh. Ro.    29
27  Carausius chani (Hausleithner)          Lonchodinae        Sabah.             S   L   S   -   B. O.               (31:12)
28  Eurycnema versirubra (Audinet-Serville) Phasmatinae        West Malaysia.     P*  C   L   W   B. O.               P1:34
29  Lonchodes hosei (Kirby)                 Lonchodinae        Sabah.             S   C   M   -   B. O.               35
30  Pharnacia cantori (Westwood)            Phasmatinae        West Malaysia.     S   C   L   W   B. O.               -
31  Creoxylus spinosus (Fabricius)          Pseudophasmatinae  Trinidad.          S   L   S   W   B.H.I.O.Ra.Ro.      16, 43
32  Libethra regularis Brunner              Heteronemiinae     Trinidad.          S   C   S   -   B.H.I.O.Ra.Ro.      18, 44
33  Acanthoxyla intermedia Salmon           Phasmatinae        New Zealand.       P   L   S   -   E.                  -
34  Tectarchus diversus Salmon              Pachymorphinae     New Zealand.       S   L   S   -   Manuka.             -
35  Diapheromera femorata (Say)             Heteronemiinae     U.S.A. & Canada.   S   C   S   -   O. B. Ro.           24
36  Lonchodes haematomus Westwood           Lonchodinae        Sabah.             S   L   M   -   B.H.P.Py.Ro.        22
37  Lophaphus perakensis (Redtenbacher)     Necrosciinae       West Malaysia.     S   C   S   -   B.                  40(32:3)
38  Dares validispinus Stål                 Heteropteryginae   Sarawak.           S   C   S   -   B. O. Ro.           26
39  Lonchodes catori Kirby                  Lonchodinae        Sarawak.           S   L   M   -   B. Ro.              (24:3)
40  unclassified. "MICROWINGS"              -                  West Malaysia.     S   L   S   w   B.                  -
41  unidentified. "GRASS SP."               Pachymorphinae     Tanzania.          S   L   S   -   L. Grasses.         (9/10:3)
42  unidentified. "MADRAS THORN"            Pachymorphinae     Tanzania.          S   L   S   -   L.                  (9/10:7)
43  Graeffea sp.                            Platycraninae      Fiji.              -   L   -   -   -                   -
44  Eurycantha sp.                          Eurycanthinae      Indonesia.         S   C   M   -   B.H.I.O.Ra.Ro.      30
45  Clonopsis gallica (Charpentier)         Bacillinae         Europe.            P   C   S   -   B. Broom.           38
46  Marmessoidea rosea (Fabricius)          Necrosciinae       West Malaysia.     S   L   S   W   Cinnamon.           -
47  Bacteria sp.                            Bacteriinae        Costa Rica.        S   C   L   -   B. Ro.              P1:5
48  Aplopus sp.                             Bacteriinae        Dominican Republic S   C   L   W   Ro.B.E.H.O.Ra.      45, 19
49  unclassified.                           -                  Tanzania.          S   L   S   -   L. B.               -
50  Paranisomorpha sp.                      Pseudophasmatinae  Peru.              S   L   S   -   B.                  -
51  Libethra sp.                            Heteronemiinae     Peru.              S   L   S   -   B.                  -
52  Calynda brocki Hausleithner             Heteronemiinae     Costa Rica.        S   C   L   -   B. Py. Ro.          23
53  Hermarchus sp.                          Phasmatinae        Fiji.              S   L   M   -   Guava.              -
54  unidentified.                           Pachymorphinae     Tanzania.          S   L   S   -   L.                  -
55  Baculum insueta (Brunner)               Phasmatinae        West Malaysia.     S   C   M   -   B. O. Ra. Ro. Rb.   17
56  SAME AS P.S.G. 3.                       -                  -                  -   -   -   -   -                   -
57  Hermarchus polynesicus Redtenbacher     Phasmatinae        Australia.         P*  L   L   -   B.                  -
58  Pharnacia sp.                           Phasmatinae        West Malaysia.     S   L   L   W   B. O.               -
59  Phyllium pulchrifolium Serville         Fam. Phylliidae    Sri Lanka.         S   C   S   W   O. B.               -
60  Phyllium pulchrifolium Serville         Fam. Phylliidae    West Malaysia.     S   C   S   W   O. B.               -
61  Aplopus sp.                             Bacteriinae        Dominican Republic S   C   M   W   Ro. B.              -
62  unclassified.                           -                  Kenya.             S   L   S   -   L.                  -
63  unclassified.                           -                  Kenya.             S   L   M   -   L.                  -
64  SAME AS P.S.G. 37.                      -                  -                  -   -   -   -   -                   -
65  Sipyloidea sp.                          Necrosciinae       Sabah.             P*  L   S   W   B.                  -
66  Carausius sanguineoligatus (Brunner)    Lonchodinae        Sabah.             S   L   S   -   B. H. Ra. Ro.       44
67  Lonchodes everetti (Kirby)              Lonchodinae        Sabah.             S   C   M   -   B.                  22
68  Lonchodes sp.                           Lonchodinae        Sabah.             S   L   M   -   B.                  -
69  Dares verrucosus Redtenbacher           Heteropteryginae   Sabah.             S   C   S   -   B. H. O. Py. Ro.    26
70  Haaniella scabra (Redtenbacher)         Heteropteryginae   Sabah.             S   C   S   w   B. O.               (23:6)
71  Bacillus cyprius Uvarov                 Bacillinae         Cyprus.            P   L   S   -   Lentisc             -
72  Phyllium giganteum Hausleithner         Fam. Phylliidae    West Malaysia.     P*  C   M   W   O. B.               P4:64
73  Phenacephorus cornucervi Brunner        Lonchodinae        Sabah.             S   C   S   -   B. I. Ro. Ra.       32
74  Ctenomorphodes sp.                      Phasmatinae        Australia.         S   L   L   W   B. O. E.            -
75  SAME AS P.S.G. 25.                      -                  -                  -   -   -   -   -                   -
76  Phyllium siccifolium (Linnaeus)         Fam. Phylliidae    West Malaysia.     S   L   S   W   O. B.               -
77  Phyllium sp.                            Fam. Phylliidae    West Malaysia.     S   L   S   W   O. B.               -
78  SAME AS P.S.G. 30.                      -                  -                  -   -   -   -   -                   -
79  Bostra aetolus (Westwood)               Bacteriinae        Mexico.            S   L   L   -   A. Rb. Py.          31
80  Acanthoxyla geisovii (Kaup)             Phasmatinae        New Zealand & UK   P   L   S   -   B. E. Cupressus     -
81  Acanthoxyla inermis Salmon              Phasmatinae        New Zealand & UK   P   C   S   -   Ro. B. E.           -
82  Rhaphiderus scabrosus (Percheron)       Tropidoderinae     La Reunion.        S   C   S   -   Rh. E. B. O. Ro.    33
83  Rhaphiderus alliaceus Stål              Tropidoderinae     Mauritius.         S   L   S   -   Ro.                 -
84  Oreophoetes peruana (Saussure)          Heteronemiinae     Peru.              S   C   S   -   F.                  39
85  Paraphasma rufipes (Redtenbacher)       Pseudophasmatinae  Peru.              P*  C   S   W   P.                  46
86  Dyme rarospinosa Brunner                Heteronemiinae     Peru.              S   L   M   -   B. O.               34
87  Libethra sp.                            Heteronemiinae     Peru.              S   L   S   -   B.                  -
88  Necroscia sp.                           Necrosciinae       Sulawesi.          S   L   S   W   B.                  -
89  unidentified.                           Necrosciinae       Philippines.       S   C   S   W   B.                  42, P4:67
90  Parahyrtacus gorkomi Hausleithner       Lonchodinae        Philippines.       S   C   S   -   B. E. Ra.           34
91  SAME AS P.S.G. 45.                      -                  -                  -   -   -   -   -                   -
92  unidentified.                           Lonchodinae        Sulawesi.          S   L   S   -   B.                  -
93  unidentified.                           Lonchodinae        India.             S   L   S   -   B.                  (30:6)
94  Baculum insignis (Wood-Mason)           Phasmatinae        India.             S   L   L   -   Ro. B.              39
95  Baculum frustans (Brunner)              Phasmatinae        India.             S   L   S   -   B.                  (30:6)
96  Menexenus nudiusculus Hausleithner      Lonchodinae        India.             S   L   S   -   B. Rh. Ro.          41
97  Diapheromera arizonensis Caudell        Heteronemiinae     U.S.A.             S   L   S   -   A.                  -
98  Parabacillus hesperus Hebard            Pachymorphinae     U.S.A.             P   L   S   -   A. Rb. B.           -
99  Epidares nolimetangere (de Haan)        Heteropteryginae   Sarawak.           S   C   S   -   B. O. Py. Ro.       44
100 Lonchodes amaurops Westwood             Lonchodinae        Sarawak.           S   C   M   -   B.H.P.Py.Ra.Ro.     47
101 Lamponius guerini (Saussure)            Bacteriinae        Guadeloupe.        S   C   S   -   B.E.I.O.Py.Ra.Ro.   40
102 Gratidia sp.                            Pachymorphinae     Burundi.           S   L   M   -   B.                  -
103 Sipyloidea sp. "THAILAND 8"             Necrosciinae       Thailand.          S   C   M   W   B. E. Ra. Ro.       (41:17)
104 Phaenopharos herwaardeni Hennem. et al. Necrosciinae       Thailand.          S   C   M   w   B. E. Ra. Ro.       P1:14
105 Parapachymorpha spinosa Brunner         Pachymorphinae     Thailand.          S   C   S   -   B. I. Py. Ro.       (40:5)
106 Oncotophasma martini (Griffini)         Heteronemiinae     Costa Rica.        S   L   M   -   B. Ra.              -
107 Bacillus lynceorum Bullini et al.       Bacillinae         Sicily.            P   C   S   -   B.                  -
108 Bacillus whitei Nascetti & Bullini      Bacillinae         Sicily.            P   C   S   -   B. Py.              -
109 Carausius abbreviatus (Brunner)         Lonchodinae        Sarawak.           S   C   S   -   B.E.H.Py.Ra.Ro.     P1:10
110 Hoploclonia gecko (Westwood)            Heteropteryginae   Sarawak.           S   C   S   -   B.H.Ra.Ro.O.Py.     48
111 Eurycantha coriacea Redtenbacher        Eurycanthinae      New Guinea.        S   C   M   -   B. I. O. Rh.        49
112 Haaniella muelleri (de Haan)            Heteropteryginae   West Malaysia.     S   C   S   w   B.                  -
113 Dyme sp.                                Heteronemiinae     Ecuador.           S   C   M   -   B. Ro.              -
114 Baculum sp. "THAILAND 2"                Phasmatinae        Thailand.          S   L   S   -   B.                  (40:5)
115 Paramyronides ? sp. "THAILAND 6"        Necrosciinae       Thailand.          S   L   S   w   B.                  (41:15)
116 Pseudophasma sp.                        Pseudophasmatinae  Ecuador.           S   C   S   W   P.                  -
117 Dares ulula (Westwood)                  Heteropteryginae   Sarawak.           S   C   S   -   B. O. Py. Ra.       -
118 Aretaon asperrimus (Redtenbacher)       Heteropteryginae   Sabah.             S   C   S   -   B. I. O. Py. Ra.    P1:26
119 Lonchodes catori Kirby                  Lonchodinae        Sarawak.           S   C   M   -   E. B. Ra. Ro.       -
120 Carausius cristatus Brunner             Lonchodinae        Sabah.             S   L   M   -   B. Ra. Ro.          P4:70
121 Phenacephorus spinulosus (Hausleithner) Lonchodinae        Sabah.             S   T   S   -   B. I. Py. Ra. Ro.   P2:41
122 Anisomorpha monstrosa Hebard            Pseudophasmatinae  Belize.            S   C   S   -   P. B.               -
123 Leptynia hispanica (Bolivar)            Pachymorphinae     France.            P   L   S   -   Ro.                 45
124 Acacus sarawacus (Westwood)             Necrosciinae       Borneo.            S   L   S   -   B. Py. Ra. Ro.      -
125 Haaniella grayii (Westwood)             Heteropteryginae   Sarawak.           S   C   M   w   B.I.O.Py.Ra.Ro.     -
126 Haaniella dehaanii (Westwood)           Heteropteryginae   Borneo.            S   C   S   w   B.I.O.Py.Ra.Ro.     -
127 Lonchodes strumosus (Brunner)           Lonchodinae        Sarawak.           S   C   L   -   B. Py. Ra. Ro.      P4:80
128 Phyllium celebicum de Haan              Fam. Phylliidae    Thailand.          S   C   S   W   B.                  P1:31
129 Lonchodes catori Kirby                  Lonchodinae        Brunei.            S   C   L   -   B. O. Py.           -
130 Diesbachia hellotis (Westwood)          Necrosciinae       Sarawak.           P*  L   M   W   B. Py. Ra. Ro.      -
131 Leiophasma adusta (Redtenbacher)        Pygirhynchinae     Madagascar.        S   L   M   -   Guava.              -
132 Leiophasma nigrotuberculata (Redt.)?    Pygirhynchinae     Madagascar.        S   L   S   -   Guava.              -
133 Parectatosoma hystrix (Wood-Mason)      Heteropteryginae   Madagascar.        S   L   S   w   B.                  P2:7
134 Paramyronides sp.                       Necrosciinae       Java.              S   L   S   w   B.                  -
135 Carausius sp.                           Lonchodinae        Java.              S   L   S   -   B.                  -
136 Carausius sp.                           Lonchodinae        Java.              S   L   S   -   B.                  -
137 Pharnacia sp.                           Phasmatinae        Lombok.            S   L   M   -   O.                  -
138 Lonchodes modestus (Brunner)            Lonchodinae        Lombok & Borneo.   S   C   M   -   B. H. Py, Ra, Ro.   P4:74
139 Carausius sp.                           Lonchodinae        Philippines.       S   L   S   -   B.                  -
140 Bacteria sp.                            Bacteriinae        Ecuador.           S   L   L   -   B.                  -
141 Gratidia sp.                            Pachymorphinae     Zaire.             S   C   S   -   B. Py. Rb.          M30:26
142 Gratidia sp.                            Pachymorphinae     Kenya.             S   L   S   -   B.                  -
143 Sipyloidea sp.?                         Necrosciinae       Bali.              S   C   S   W   B. Py.              -
144 Baculum sp.                             Phasmatinae        Vietnam.           P*  C   M   -   B.                  (55:5)
145 Paramenexenus laetus (Kirby)            Lonchodinae        Vietnam.           S   C   M   -   B. I.               (56:5)
146 Centrophasma hadrillus (Westwood)       Necrosciinae       Brunei & Sarawak   S   C   M   W   B. Py. Ro. O.       P3:23
147 Carausius alluaudi (Bolivar)            Lonchodinae        Seychelles.        S   L   M   -   B.                  -
148 Clonistra sp. ST. KITTS                 Heteronemiinae     St. Kitts.         S   C   M   -   B. Py.              (64:5)
149 Achrioptera sp.                         Phasmatinae        Madagascar.        S   C   M   W   B.                  P3:6
150 Dinophasma guttigera (Westwood)         Aschiphasmatinae   Sarawak.           S   C   S   W   Fu.                 P2:62
151 Asceles margaritatus Redtenbacher       Necrosciinae       Sabah.             S   L   S   w   E. B. O.            (56:5)
152 Bacteria sp.                            Bacteriinae        Venezuela.         S   C   L   -   B.                  (62:8)
153 Baculum sp. CHIANG MAI                  Phasmatinae        Thailand.          S   C   M   -   B. Ro. O.           P4:39
154 Acrophylla titan (Macleay)              Phasmatinae        Australia.         S   C   L   W   E. B. Ra.           -
155 Ctenomorphodes tessulatus (Gray)        Phasmatinae        Australia.         S   C   L   W   E. B. Ra. Ro.       -
156 Bacillus atticus Brunner                Bacillinae         Greece.            P   L   S   -   Ro.                 M30:23
157 Baculum sp.                             Phasmatinae        Vietnam.           S   C   L   -   B. Ra. Ro.          (62:6)
158 Baculum sp.                             Phasmatinae        Vietnam.           S   C   M   -   B. Ra. Ro.          (62:6)
159 Baculum sp.                             Phasmatinae        Vietnam.           S   C   M   -   B. Ra. Ro.          (62:6)
160 Trachythorax maculicollis (Westwood)    Necrosciinae       Burma.             S   C   S   W   Py.                 -
161 Phenacephorus sepilokensis Bragg        Lonchodinae        Sabah.             P*  L   S   -   B. Ra. Ro. Py.      (63:3)
162 Phenacephorus auriculatus (Brunner)     Lonchodinae        Brunei.            S   C   S   -   B. E. Ra. Ro. Py.   (63:3)
163 Sipyloidea sp.                          Necrosciinae       Australia.         S   C   S   W   B.E.H.Py.Ra.Ro.     (63:3)
164 Parapachymorpha quadrispinosa Hen.et.al Pachymorphinae     Vietnam.           P*  C   S   -   B. Ro. Py.          (64:4)
165 Hoploclonia abercrombiei Bragg          Heteropteryginae   Sarawak.           S   C   S   -   B.                  (64:4)
166 Dinophasma saginata (Redtenbacher)      Aschiphasmatinae   Sarawak.           P*  L   S   W   Fu. Willowherb      (64:4)
167 Hermachus sp.                           Phasmatinae        Fiji.              S   T   M   W   B.                  (64:4)
168 Clonistra sp.                           Heteronemiinae     Grenada.           S   T   S   -   B. Py.              (64:4)
169 Lonchodes mindanaense (Brunner)         Lonchodinae        Philippines.       S   C   M   -   B. H. Ra.           (64:5)
170 Bacteria sp.                            Bacteriinae        French Guiana.     S   L   L   -   B. Ra. Ro.          M29:15
171 Hesperophasma lobata (Redtenbacher)     Bacteriinae        Costa Rica.        S   C   S   W   B. O. Py. Ra.       (65:4)
172 Bacillus grandii Nascetti & Bullini     Bacillinae         Europe.            S   C   S   -   B.                  (65:4)
173 Neohirasea maerens (Brunner)            Lonchodinae        Vietnam.           S   C   S   -   B. I.               (65:4)
174 Lopaphus caesius (Redtenbacher)         Necrosciinae       Vietnam.           S   C   M   W   B.                  (65:4)
175 Diesbachia tamyris (Westwood)           Necrosciinae       Sumatra.           S   C   M   W   B. O. Py. Ro.       (65:4)
176 Lonchodes geniculatus Gray              Lonchodinae        Singapore.         S   L   M   -   B. O. P.            (65:5)
177 Haaniella saussurei Kirby               Heteropteryginae   Sarawak.           S   C   M   w   B.E.I.O.Ra.Ro.      (67:5)
178 Clonistra sp.                           Bacteriinae        St. Lucia.         S   L   S   -   B.                  (67:6)
179 Gratidia sp.                            Pachymorphinae     Thailand.          S   C   S   -   B. O. Ra. Ro.       P5:59
180 Prisomera malaya Stål                   Lonchodinae        Singapore.         S   C   S   -   B. O. Ra.           -
181 Lonchodes hosei sp.                     Lonchodinae        Brunei & Sabah.    S   C   M   -   B. Ra. Ro.          -
182 Oxyartes spinosissimus Carl             Necrosciinae       Vietnam.           S   C   S   w   B. I. O. Ra. Ro.    -
183 Gratidia sp.                            Pachymorphinae     Andaman Islands.   S   C   S   -   B. O. Ra.           (70:6)
184 unidentified.                           Necrosciinae       Andaman Islands.   S   C   S   W   B. O. Ra.           -
185 Neohirasea sp.                          Lonchodinae        Thailand.          S   C   S   -   B. I. Ra. Ro.       -
186 Myronides woodfordi (Kirby)?            Lonchodinae        Solomon Islands.   S   C   S   -   F.                  -
187 Creoxylus sp.                           Pseudophasmatinae  Venezuela.         S   C   S   W   B.                  -
188 Phenopharos sp.?                        Necrosciinae       Vietnam.           S   C   S   w   B.                  -
189 Pseudophasma sp.? / Paraphasma sp?      Pseudophasmatinae  Venezuela.         S   C   S   W   B.                  -
190 Phasma gigas (Linnaeus)                 Phasmatinae        New Guinea.        S   C   M   W   B.                  -
191 Anisomorpha dentata Stål                Pseudophasmatinae  Paraguay.          S   C   S   -   B.                  -
192 Dares subcylindricus Redtenbacher       Heteropteryginae   Thailand.          S   C   S   -   B. Ro.              -
193 Tropidoderus childrenii Gray            Tropidoderinae     Australia.         S   C   M   W   E.                  -


Key:
SCIENTIFIC NAME
If the insect has not been classified to species level, this column gives the common name which has been used in the Newsletters.

NOTES
1. BREEDING:
     S = Sexual.   P = Parthenogenetic.   P* = Parthenogenetic in culture, believed to be sexual in the wild.
2. CULTURE STATUS:  (Based on Spring 1997 census returns)
     C = At least one established culture reported.      T = Tentative culture.      L = Lost (no cultures reported).
3. SIZE OF SPECIES:
     S = up to 10cm.    M = 10 to 15cm.    L = over 15cm.
4. WINGS:      W = at least one sex can fly or glide.
               w = Wings present in one or both sexes but neither sex can fly.

PREFERRED FOODPLANTS
Where a species is known to have a very clear preference and difficulties are known to be common when other plants are used, the first plant
listed is the preferred foodplant and is recommended for starting newly hatched nymphs.  The list is not comprehensive, most species which
eat bramble will also eat hawthorn, pyracantha, raspberry, rose and other members of the Rosaceae.
         A. = Acacia.                 B. = Bramble.                 E. = Eucalyptus.              F. = Ferns.
         Fu. = Fuchsia                H. = Hawthorn.                I. = Ivy.                     L. = Legumes.
         O. = Oak.                    P. = Privet.                  Py. = Pyracantha.             Ra. = Raspberry.
         Rb. = Robinia.               Rh.= Rhododendron.            Ro. = Rose.

SPECIES REPORT
This column gives the number of the Newsletter or Phasmid Studies in which there has been a report on the culture.
Full reports in the Newsletter are shown by the issue number only eg. 47.
A number in brackets gives the issue and page number of a brief note in the Newsletter eg. (63:3).
Items in Phasmid Studies are shown by the letter P followed by the volume and page number eg. P1:2.
Reports in Le Monde des Phasmes are shown by the letter M followed by the volume and page number eg. M29:15, these are only given
if a report has not appeared in Phasmid Studies or the Newsletter.


                                                        STATUS OF CULTURES
The culture status column is based on the census returns of 1997, with modifications where the status is known to have changed.  Few census
forms were returned so several of those marked as lost may still be in culture; the following are the most likely to be still in culture: 31, 58,
66, 86, 178.  It is possible that some of those marked as established cultures may also have been lost.  Please check this column before
requesting livestock and make sure you DO NOT REQUEST STOCK OF LOST CULTURES - they are not available!



                                                             HUMIDITY
The following is a general guide to the preferences of species.  The desirable conditions may vary depending on the age of the insects, in
particular, adults and large nymphs may prefer lower humidity to small nymphs.  If you are starting with a species which is new to you then
check where the culture originated and find out what the natural climate is like.
1.       High humidity required (i.e. almost fully enclosed).  All Heteropteryginae and Eurycanthinae.
2.       Quite high humidity recommended.  Most species from tropical rainforests, e.g. Borneo, New Guinea, Java, Peru.  However, very
         large species and winged species from these areas may prefer slightly lower humidity.
3.       Low humidity essential (i.e. a very well ventilated cage, e.g. all netting).  All European species (Bacillus & Clonopsis).
4.       Lowish humidity desirable (known to suffer in high humidity): Baculum insignis.
5.       Moderate humidity generally acceptable.  All other species.
6.       Different people have very differing opinions about Phyllium spp.


                                                           NEW CULTURES
Please notify Phil Bragg if you have a species established in culture which is not on the list.  To try to avoid
confusion between similar species, new cultures will only be added once He has a specimen of either the egg or
adult.


 

 

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