Subfamily Photininae

Key to tribes
1. Anterior femora with 3 discoidal spines.

tribe Coptopterygini

Anterior femora with 4 discoidal spines.

tribe Photinini

 

 

Tribe Coptopterygini

Key to genera
1. First segment of tarsus of hind leg shorter than the following segments taken together. Cerci markedly elongated, compressed.

2

First segment of tarsus of hind leg at least as long as the following segments taken together. Cerci usually short, when elongated then rounded.

3

2. Conical tubercle on each side next to eye on top of vertex. Eyes small, not bulging.

genus Orthoderella

synonym Euryderes Brancsik

No tubercles next to eyes. Eyes large, protruding.

genus Paraphotina

3. Wings present in female. Frontal sclerite moderately transverse.

genus Cardioptera

Wings completely absent in female. Frontal sclerite markedly transverse.

4

4. Antennae thin, not bulbous at base. Pronotum thick, the metazone more or less as long as the anterior coxa.

genus Coptopteryx

Antennae bulbous at base. Pronotum very thin, the metazone much longer than the anterior coxa.

genus Brunneria

 

 


Back to key to Photininae

Back to key to Mantidae

Back to key to families

Tribe Photinini

Key to genera
1. Frontal sclerite very transverse, forming a narrow strip.

2

Frontal sclerite less than three times as broad as high, not froming a narrow atrip.

3

2. Cerci fairly short, scarcely protruding beyond the abdomen, rounded. Anterior femur with 5 outer spines.

genus Microphotina

Cerci very long, protruding well beyond tip of abdomen, in male distally compressed in female compressed along the whole length. Anterior femur with 6 outer spines.

genus Hicetia

3. Internal apical lobes of anterior coxa adjacent.

genus Macromantis

synonym Pentacantha Stål

Internal apical lobes of anterior coxa divergent.

4

4. Costal region of elytra of male partially opaque, traversed by parallel veins but with irregular branches. Costal region of elytra of female irregularly veined. Supra-anal plate broader than long.

genus Photinella

Costal region of elytra of male hyaline, traversed by spaced parallel simple veins. Costal region of elytra of female traversed by numerous parallel veins. Supra-anal plate as long as broad.

genus Photina

synonym Metriomantis Sauss. & Zhant.

Back to key to Photininae

Back to key to Mantidae

Back to key to families

Subfamily Toxoderinae

Key to tribes
1. Anterior tibia compressed, dilated, with spines along entire length.

tribe Stenophyllini

Anterior tibia thin, with only distal spines.

Tribe Toxoderini

Tribe Stenophyllini

single genus Stenophylla

Tribe Toxoderini

Key to genera
1. Anterior coxae expanded into a lobe at their ends.

2

Anterior coxae not expanded into a lobe at their ends.

5

2. Cerci short, the end not bifid.

genus Toxoderella

Cerci long, the end bifid.

3

3. The four posterior femora without an apical spine.

genus Paradanuria

The four posterior femora with an apical spine.

4

4. Vertex simple.

genus Euthyphleps

Vertex with protuberance in the middle.

genus Toxoderopsis

5. Eyes armed with a spine on top.

6

Eyes not armed with a spine.

9

6. Cerci with bifid end.

genus Toxodera

Cerci not bifid, rounded or truncated at the end.

7

7. Four posterior femora lobed.

genus Paratoxodera

Four posterior femora without lobes.

8

8. Vertex extending beyond eyes. Posterior tibiae with keels, almost forming lobes.

genus Oestomantis

Vertex not extending beyond eyes. Posterior tibiae without keels.

genus Toxomantis

9. Vertex with single keel-shaped protuberance

10

Vertex with two spines in the middle.

11

10. Wings clear.

genus Loxomantis

Wings with smoky flecks.

genus Aethalochroa

synonym Arsacia Stål

11. Anterior femora with 5 external spines.

genus Dorymantis

Anterior femora with 6-7 external spines.

12

12. Cerci long. The lateral geniculate lobes of the middle femur long, spinous.

genus Belomantis

Cerci short, broad. The lateral geniculate lobes of middle femur short, triangular.

Genus Calamothespis

  • Beier also includes Cheddikulama Henry, Pareuthyphleps Wern.
Back to key to Toxoderinae

Back to key to Mantidae

Back to key to families

Subfamily Oligonychinae

Key to tribes
1. Pronotum straight. Abdominal segments of female without lobe-shaped projections.

tribe Oligonychini

Pronotum bent in side-view. Abdominal segments of female with lobes.

Tribe Pogonogasterini

Tribe Oligonychini

Key to genera
1. Anterior femur with 3 discoidal spines

2

Anterior femur with 4 discoidal spines.

4

2. Vertex with protuberance below the ocelli.

genus Thesprotiella

Vertex without protuberance.

3

3. Anterior tibia with several internal marginal spines as well as the apical and the dorsal.

genus Oligonyx

synonyms Spanionyx Saussure, Harpagonyx Saussure

Anterior tibia without internal marginal spines; apical and dorsal spines only.

genus Thesprotia

4. Anterior tibia with 4-6 outer spines

5

Anterior tibia with only an apical external marginal spine.

6

5. Metazone of pronotum shorter than anterior coxa.

genus Bantia

synonyms Eubantia G-Tos, Mionicella G-Tos

Metazone of pronotum as long or longer than anterior coxa..

genus Pseudomusonia

synonyms Eumionyx G-Tos, Mionyx Saussure (non Mionyx Cope)

6. Metazone of pronotum longer or as long as anterior coxa.

genus Bactromantis

Metazone of pronotum much shorter than anterior coxa.

7

7. Supra-anal plate elongate, lanceolate.

genus Oligonicella

Supra-anal plate short, triangular.

8

8. Supra-anal plate reounded at the end.

genus Costaricella

Supra-anal plate tapered at the end.

genus Thrinaconyx

+ Mionycoides Rehn

Back to key to Oligonychinae

Back to key to Mantidae

Back to key to families

Tribe Pogonogasterini

Key to genera
1. Bifurcate frontal process present. Supra-coxal expansion of pronotum without foliaceous lateral expansions.

genus Carrikerella

No frontal process. Supra-coxal expansion with lateral foliaceous expansions.

genus Pogonogaster

Back to key to Oligonychinae

Back to key to Mantidae

Back to key to families

Subfamily Haaniinae

Key to genera
1. 1 dorsal spine at apex of anterior tibia. Vertex below eyes without projection.

genus Parairidopteryx

synonym Astape Stål

2 dorsal spines at apex of anterior tibia. Vertex below eyes with single projection.

genus Haania

synonym Hystricomantis Werner

Back to key to Mantidae

Back to key to families

Subfamily Thespinae

Key to tribes
1. Anterior femur with 3 discoidal spines. Metazone of pronotum with side keels. Antenna of male not or only sparsely ciliated. Cerci flattened.

tribe Hoplocoryphini

Anterior femur with 4, rarely 3, discoidal spines. Metazone of pronotum without side keels. Antenna of male almost always ciliated. Cerci rounded.

2

2. Eyes projecting anteriorly in an obtuse cone. Antenna of male not ciliated.

tribe Parathespini

Eyes round. Antenna of male ciliated

3

3. Anterior tibia with at most 5 outer spines. Supra-anal plate always longer than broad.

tribe Thespini

Anterior tibia with more than 5 outer spines. Supra-anal plate rarely longer than broad.

tribe Pseudomiopterygini

Tribe Hoplocoryphini

Key to genera
1. Length of metazone of pronotum almost double that of anterior coxa. Antenna of female thickened at the base.

genus Hoplocoryphella

Length of metazone of pronotum less than double that of the anterior coxa. Antenna of female not thickened at the base.

genus Hoplocorypha

Back to key to Thespinae

Back to key to Mantidae

Back to key to families

Tribe Parathespini

single genus Parathespis

Back to key to Thespinae

Back to key to Mantidae

Back to key to families

Tribe Thespini

Key to genera
1. Metazone of pronotum longer than anterior coxa.

2

Metazone of pronotum as long as or shorter than anterior coxa.

4

2. Claw groove clearly distal to middle of anterior femur. Vertex between juxta-ocular projections excavated.

genus Macromusonia

synonym Catamusonia

Claw groove at most a little distal to middle of anterior femur. Vertex between juxta-ocular projections even.

3

3. Juxta-ocular projections higher than centre of vertex. Pronotum very thin.

genus Paramusonia

Juxta-ocular projections not higher than centre of vertex. Pronotum less thin.

genus Thespis

synonym Diamusonia G-Tos

4. Anterior tibia with 2-3 external spines.

genus Galapagia

Anterior tibia with 5 external spines.

5

5. Anterior coxa much longer than metazone of pronotum.

6

Anterior coxa as long or shorter than metazone of pronotum.

8

6. Supra-anal plate long, extending beyond cerci.

genus Eumusonia

Supra-anal plate short, not extending beyond cerci.

7

7. Metazone of pronotum smooth.

genus Musoniella

Metazone of pronotum with two tubercles.

genus Musoniola

8. Elytra and wings of male pointed at the end. Supra-coxal bulge strongly defined.

genus Leptomiopteryx

Elytra and wings of male rounded at the end. Supra-coxal bulge less strongly defined.

genus Musonia

synonym Promusonia G-Tos

Back to key to Thespinae

Back to key to Mantidae

Back to key to families

Tribe Pseudomiopterygini

Key to genera
1. Pronotum only a little longer than broad, certainly not twice as long as broad, shorter than anterior coxa.

2

Pronotum at least twice as long as broad, and as long as anterior coxa..

4

2. Pronotal disc smooth.

3

Pronotal disc with tubercles.

genus Pseudomiopteryx

synonym Myrcinellus G-Tos

3. Anterior tibia with 6-7 external spines.

genus Diabantia

Anterior tibia with 3-4 external spines.

genus Mantillica

4. Anterior tibia with 10 external spines. Pronotum with protuberances.

genus Anamiopteryx

Anterior tibia with at most 8 outer spines. Pronotum withour protuberances.

5

5. Inferior ocellar tubercle sharp.

genus Mantellias

Inferior ocellar tubercle blunt.

6

6. Summit of vertex bosselated and higher than eyes. Green insects.

genus Chloromiopteryx

Vertex simple, with or without juxta-ocular projections. Brown insects.

7

7. First segment of tarsus of hind leg considerably longer than the remaining segments taken together.

genus Promiopteryx

First segment of tarsus of hind leg not or only a little longer than the remaining segments taken together.

8

8. Elytra narrow.

9

Elytra broad.

10

9. Frontal sclerite markedly transverse. Supra-anal plate keeled.

genus Bantiella

Frontal sclerite less markedly transverse. Supra-anal plate not keeled.

genus Miobantia

10. Anterior tibia with 6 external spines. Prozone of pronotum expanded. Vertex with juxta-ocular projections.

genus Eumiopteryx

Anterior tibia with 7 external spines. Prozone not expanded. Vertex without juxta-ocular projections.

genus Antimiopteryx

synonym Miopteryx Saussure (non Miopteryx Blanchard)

? status of Trachymiopteryx Rehn (1920, p. 220); ? synonym of Eumiopteryx

Back to key to Thespinae

Back to key to Mantidae

Back to key to families


 

 

Have You Seen The Other Earthlife Web Chapters
The Home Page of the Fish The Birds Home Page The Insects Home Page The Mammals Home Page The Prokaryotes Home Page The Lichens Home Page







Index Gif               

 

 

This page was designed and written by Mr Gordon Ramel

 

 

Advertising Inquiries

         Disclaimer, Copyright and Privacy