Subfamily Compsothespinae

single genus Compsothespis

  • ? also including Cliomantis G-Tos.
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Subfamily Iridopteryginae

 

 

Key to tribes
1. Claw groove approximately in middle of anterior femora.

tribe Hapalomantini

Claw groove in proximal part of anterior femora, often near the base.

2

2. Metazone of pronotum at most with a fine linear medial keel.

tribe Iridopterygini

Metazone of pronotum with a well defined and elevated medial keel.

tribe Tropidomantini

Tribe Hapalomantini

Key to genera
1. Anterior femora with 1-2 discoidal spines.

genus Tarachina

Anterior femora with 3 discoidal spines.

2

2. The fifth or sixth external marginal spine of the anterior tibia from the apex longer than the rest.

3

All the external marginal spines of the anterior tibia (with the exception of the apical) about the same length.

5

4. Vertex with rounded protuberances next to eyes. Female winged.

genus Hapalomantis

synonyms Bolbira G.-Tos, Eubolbe G.-Tos.

Vertex without juxtaocular protuberances. Female apterous.

genus Bolbe

5. Vertex with juxtaocular protuberances.

6

Vertex without juxtaocular protuberances.

7

6. Mediastinal vein of the elytra very close to the radial veins, not dividing the costal area.

genus Bolbula

Mediastinal vein of the elytra distant from the radial veins, dividing the costal area into two parts.

genus Bolbena

synonym Bolboda G-Tos.

7. Supra-coxal bulge flat but distinct. Anterior tibia with 9-11 outer spines.

genus Bolbella

Supra-coxal bulge not distinct. Anterior tibia with 8 outer spines.

genus Microbolbella

 

 

 


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Tribe Iridopterygini

Key to genera
1. Anterior femur with 5 outer spines.

genus Epsomantis

Anterior femur with 4 outer spines.

2

2. Supra-anal plate distinctly transverse.

3

Supra-anal plate not, or only a little, broader than long, mostly longer than broad. (when exceptionally transverse then the pronotum almost without a supra-coxal bulge and the first segment of the tarsus of hind leg shorter than the following segments taken together).

8

3. Anterior femur with 4 discoidal spines.

genus Nemotha

synonym Tricondylomimus Chopard

Anterior femur with 3 discoidal spines.

4

4. Wings in both sexes reduced.

genus Diacanthomantis

synonyms Pezomantis Uvarov, Muscimantis Henry

Wings in both sexes well developed, or at most reduced in female only.

5

5. Antennae not thickened.

6

Antennae thickened towards the base.

7

6. Frontal sclerite 3 times as broad as high. Anterior tibia with 7 outer spines.

genus Micromantis

Frontal sclerite 2 times as broad as high. Anterior tibia with 8-9 outer spines.

genus Iridopteryx

synonym Hapalopezella G-Tos

7. Wings in both sexes well developed. Vertex level.

genus Hapalopeza

synonym Spilomantis G-Tos

Wings reduced in female. Vertex arched.

genus Shirakia

8. Pronotal bulge strongly defined, the pronotum almost cross shaped.

9

Pronotal bulge weakly defined, the prnotum oval or flatly oval.

10

9. Anterior tibia with 7-8 outer spines.

genus Calofulcinia

synonyms Bürgersia Werner, Hedigerella Werner

Anterior tibia with 6 outer spines.

genus Rawarena
synonymised with Calofulcinia in Balderson 1981

10 Anterior tibia with 6 outer spines.

genus Ima

Anterior tibia with at least 7 outer spines (but exceptionally with 6, and then the pronotum thin and the supra-anal plate sharply three cornered, prolonged).

11

11. First segment of tarsus of hind leg shorter than the following segments taken together.

genus Papugalepsus

First segment of tarsus of hind leg at least as long as the following segments taken together.

12

12. Supra-anal plate three cornered, more or less pointed.

13

Supra-anal plate semicircular, trapezoid, not three cornered.

15

13. Cerci cylindrical. Supra-anal plate rounded at the end.

genus Sceptuchus

Cerci at least distally compressed. Supra-anal plate pointed.

14

14. Anterior tibia with 6-7 outer spines. Cerci distally compressed, the terminal segment more or less expanded, oval.

genus Nanomantis

synonyms Profulcinia G-Tos, Fulciniola G-Tos, Gyrothespis Werner

Anterior tibia with 9 outer spines. Cerci compressed along their whole length, the terminal segment pointed, not expanded.

genus Sinomantis

15. Anterior tibia with 7 outer spines.

16

Anterior tibia with 8-9 outer spines. Female apterous.

17

16. Middle ocellus of male pointed. Wings of female reduced.

genus Fulcinia

synonyms Oxyfulcinia G-Tos, Papupopa Werner

Middle ocellus of male blunt. Female apterous.

genus Tylomantis

17. Elytra of male narrow. First segment of tarsus of hind leg not twice as long as the following segments taken together.

genus Fulciniella

synonym Diafulcinia G-Tos

Elytra of male broad. First segment of tarsus of hind leg nearly twice as long as the following segments taken together.

genus Pilomantis

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Tribe Tropidomantini

Key to genera
1. Eyes cone shaped. Elytra narrow.

genus Nilomantis

synonyms Cryptomantis G-Tos, Ilomantis G-Tos

Eyes round. Elytra usually fairly broad.

2

2. Costal area of elytra narrow.

3

Costal area of elytra broad

5

3. Vertex with robust cone shaped juxta-ocular protuberances.

genus Kongobatha

synonym Congobatha Beier (err. impr.)

Vertex without juxta-ocular protuberances.

4

4. Costal area of elytra clear. Distal segement of cerci not modified.

genus Miromantis

synonym Ormomantis G-Tos

Costal area of elytra opaque, at least in part. Distal segment of cerci enlarged, oval, flattened.

genus Xanthomantis

synonyms Polyacanthopus Hebard, Pliacanthopus G-Tos

5. Elytra narrower than length of pronotum, the latter relatively thin.

genus Negromantis

synonyms Mimomantis G-Tos, Luteomantis Sjöstedt

Elytra at least as broad as length of pronotum, the latter compact.

6

6. Vertex even.

7

Vertex excavated or arched, not flat.

9

7. Mediastinal vein more or less distant from radial vein; transverse venules between these veins.

genus Chiromantis

Mediastinal vein adjacent to anterior radial vein; no transverse venules between these veins.

8

8. Anterior tibia with 9 outer spines.

genus Melomantis

Anterior tibia with 11 outer spines.

genus Hyalomantis

9. Anterior tibia with at least 13 outer spines.

genus Enicophlebia

Anterior tibia with at most 11 outer spines.

10

10. Vertex arched, raised above eyes.

genus Platycalymma

Vertex excavated.

11

11. Sixth outer tibial spine from the tip elongated. Elytra narrow ovals.

genus Tropidomantis

synonym Eomantis G-Tos

Sixth outer tibial spine from tip not elongated. Elytra broad ovals.

genus Neomantis

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Subfamily Schizocephalinae

Single genus Schizocephala

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Subfamily Deroplatinae

Key to tribes
1. Vertex with conical projection.

tribe Parablepharini

Vertex without projection.

tribe Deroplatyini

Tribe Parablepharini

Single genus Parablepharis

Tribe Deroplatyini

Key to genera
1. Eyes rounded.

genus Deroplatys

Eyes pointed.

genus Brancsikia

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Subfamily Phyllotheliinae

Key to genera
1. Middle and hind tibia thickened at the base but not expanded into lobes, rounded.

genus Phyllothelis

Middle and hind tibia expanded into lobes with three keels on under surface, flattened.

genus Ceratocrania

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Subfamily Oxyothespinae

Key to genera
1. Second discoidal spine of anterior femur prolonged. Wings coloured. Wings of male ciliated.

genus Heterochaetula

Discoidal spines of anterior femur of approximately equal length. Wings not coloured. Wings of male ciliated.

2

2. Pronotum more than two times as long as the anterior coxa. Subgenital plate of male without styli.

genus Acithespis

Pronotum not twice as long as anterior coxa. Subgenital plate of male with styli.

genus Oxyothespis

synonym Oxythespis

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Subfamily Amelinae

Key to tribes
1. Lateral ventral edge of anterior femora smooth between the spines.

tribe Dystactini

Lateral ventral edge of anterior femora rough, or with small spines, between major spines.

tribe Amelini

Tribe Dystactini

Key to genera
1. Pronotum trefoil shaped, with sharp angles to the lateral bulges.

2

Pronotum more or less elliptical, the lateral bulges rounded.

4

2. Vertex above antennae bicornuate.

genus Achlaena

synonym Auchmomantis Werner

Vertex above antennae simple.

3

3. Prozone of pronotum with two elevated keels in front of the supracoxal groove.

genus Achlaenella

Prozone of pronotum smooth.

genus Dystacta

4. Metazone of pronotum keeled.

genus Rhachimantis

Metazone of pronotum not keeled.

5

5. Anterior tibia with 9-10 external spines.

6

Anterior tibia with 6-8 external spines.

7

6. Anterior border of elytra of male edged in white.

genus Betamantis

Anterior border of elytra of male not edged in white.

genus Chroicoptera

synonym Alphamantis Giglio-Tos

7. Some of the large preapical medial spines of the anterior femora of the male much stronger than the others.
Pronotum of female almost circular, the edges strongly spined.

genus Ligaria

synonyms Ligariella & Ligariona G-Tos, Megacanthopus Chopard

he large medial spines of the anterior femora of the male of similar robustness.
Pronotum of female much longer than wider, the border more or less toothed, not spined.

8

8. Head much longer than wider.

genus Parentella

Head much wider than longer.

genus Entella

synonyms Metentella & Micrentella G-Tos, Ommatentella Werner

Tribe Amelini

Key to genera
1. Claw-groove very deep and broad, occupying an extensive area of inner side of femur. Pronotum broadest towards anterior edge, with slight narrowing towards the posterior edge. Wings coloured.

genus Compsomantis

synonym Opsomantis G-Tos

Claw-groove normal. Pronotum broadest at supra-coxal bulge, narrowing to anterior and posterior edges. Wings not coloured.

2

2. Supra-anal plate approximately as long as broad, rather large. Costal border of elytra of male sparsely ciliated.

3

Supra-anal plate transverse, not particularly large. Costal border of elytra of male tightly ciliated.

9

3. Anterior tibia with only 4 outer spines.

genus Congomantis

Anterior tibia with at least 8 outer spines.

4

4. First segment of tarsus of hind leg not or only a little longer than following two segments taken together.

5

First segment of tarsus of hind leg distinctly longer than following two segments taken together.

7

5. Wings in both sexes completely absent.

genus Apteromantis

Wings present in both sexes, but reduced at least in the female.

6

6. Elytra of male long, normally developed.

genus Ameles

synonym Parameles Saussure

Elytra of male markedly reduced, scarcely as long as pronotum.

genus Pseudoyersinia

7. Wings in both sexes completely absent.

genus Yersiniops

Wings present in both sexes, but reduced at least in the female.

8

8. Elytra of male long, normally developed. First segment of tarsus of hind leg at least as long as the rest of the segments taken together.

genus Litaneutria

Elytra of male markedly reduced, shorter than pronotum. First segment of tarsus of hind leg shorter than the rest of the segments taken together.

genus Yersinia

9. Elytra of male very broad. Female fully winged. The two basal discoidal spines of anterior femur very small.

10

Elytra of male narrow. Female with more or less reduced wings, but not apterous. At most only the first basal discoidal spine very small.

12

10. Anterior tibia with 8 outer spines. Anterior femur markedly expanded.

genus Dystactula

synonym Dystactella G-Tos (non Dystactella Hall & Whitefield)

Anterior tibia with 7 outer spines. Anterior femur not strikingly expanded.

11

11. Antennae thickened.

genus Gonypetella

Antennae slim.

genus Telomantis

12. First segment of tarsus of hind leg longer than all the other segments taken together.

13

First segment of tarsus of hind leg shorter than all the other segments taken together.

16

13. Frontal sclerite only a little broader than high.

genus Amantis

synonym Cimantis G-Tos

Frontal sclerite transverse, considerably broader than high.

14

14. Anterior tibia with 6 outer spines.

genus Dimantis

Anterior tibia with 9-11 outer spines.

15

15. The two basal outer spines of the anterior femur very close to each other.

genus Elmantis

The two basal outer spines of the anterior femur not close to each other.

genus Gimantis

synonym Eumantis G-Tos

16. Pronotal shield with cone-shaped protuberances.

genus Myrcinus

Pronotal shield sometimes bosselated but without protuberances.

17

17. Anterior tibia with 11 outer spines.

18

Anterior tibia with 9-10 outer spines.

19

18. Wings of female scarcely reduced. Frontal sclerite markedly transverse. The two basal outer spines of anterior femur very close together.

genus Armene

Wings of female markedly reduced. Frontal sclerite only a little broader than high. The two basal outer spines of anterior femur not very close together.

genus Armeniola

19. Frontal sclerite only a little transverse, the dorsal border strongly bowed.

genus Gonypeta

Frontal sclerite markedly transverse, the dorsal border weakly bowed.

20

20. Supra-coxal bulge of pronotum scarcely distinct, the sides therefore almost parallel.

genus Haldwania

Supra-coxal bulge of pronotum clearly defined.

21

21. The two basal outer spines of the anterior femur very close to each other.

genus Memantis

The two basal outer spines of the anterior femur not close to each other.

genus Bimantis


 

 

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