Teloschistes flavicans


Like many other living things on this planet some lichens are suffering adversely as a result of the activities of mankind. Mostly this is a result of habitat destruction, contributed to considerably by atmospheric and aquatic degradation. In other words the air and water are polluted. For organisms that live almost entirely on air and water this can be quite disasterous. Although maintaining large areas of viable habitat through nature reserves and protection against dammage is important, ultimately only the purification of the air and water that surround us will bring lichens back to their full potential. This will of course benefit every other living creature as well, particularly ourselves and should therefore be a top priority for all thinking human beings.



Though the rarity of many lichens remains relatively poorly understood some species are known to be endangered and the following species are protected by law.

In the USA

Protected under the provisions of the Endangered Species Act.
Cladonia perforata Perforate Cladonia Florida 58FR25754 Apr 27, 1993
Gymnoderma lineare Gnome Lichen Rock 60FR03562 Jan 18, 1995

In the UK
Protected under the provisions of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
Species listed on Schedule 8.
Bryoria furcellata Forked hair-lichen
Buellia asterella Starry breck-lichen
Caloplaca luteoalba Orange-fruited elm-lichen
Caloplaca nivalis Snow caloplaca
Catapyrenium psoromoides Tree catapyrenium
Catillaria laureri Laurer's catillaria
Cladonia stricta Upright mountain-lichen
Collema dichotomum River jelly-lichen
Gyalecta ulmi Elm gyalecta
Heterodermia leucomelos Ciliate strap-lichen
Heterodermia propagulifera Coralloid rosette-lichen
Lecanactis hemisphaerica Churchyard lichen
Lecanora achariana Tarn lecanora
Lecidea inops Copper lecidea
Nephroma arcticum Arctic kidney-lichen
Pannaria ignobilis Caledonian pannaria
Parmelia minarum New Forest parmelia
Parmentaria chilensis Oil-stained parmentaria
Peltigera lepidophora Ear-lobed dog-lichen
Pertusaria bryontha Alpine moss-pertusaria
Physcia tribacioides Southern grey physcia
Pseudocyphellaria lacerata Ragged pseudocyphellaria
Psora rubiformis Rusty alpine psora
Solenopsora liparina Serpentine solenopsora
Squamarina lentigera Scaly breck-lichen
Teloschistes flavicans Golden hair-lichen




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